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Title: Association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and obesity and hypertension in early adulthood: A population-based study
Authors: Fuemmeler, B.F.
Østbye, T. 
Yang, C.
McClernon, F.J.
Kollins, S.H.
Keywords: attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
risk factors
young adult
Issue Date: Jun-2011
Citation: Fuemmeler, B.F., Østbye, T., Yang, C., McClernon, F.J., Kollins, S.H. (2011-06). Association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and obesity and hypertension in early adulthood: A population-based study. International Journal of Obesity 35 (6) : 852-862. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Objective:To examine the associations between attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, obesity and hypertension in young adults in a large population-based cohort.Design, Setting and Participants:The study population consisted of 15 197 respondents from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, a nationally representative sample of adolescents followed from 1995 to 2009 in the United States. Multinomial logistic and logistic models examined the odds of overweight, obesity and hypertension in adulthood in relation to retrospectively reported ADHD symptoms. Latent curve modeling was used to assess the association between symptoms and naturally occurring changes in body mass index (BMI) from adolescence to adulthood.Results:Linear association was identified between the number of inattentive (IN) and hyperactive/impulsive (HI) symptoms and waist circumference, BMI, diastolic blood pressure and systolic blood pressure (all P-values for trend 0.05). Controlling for demographic variables, physical activity, alcohol use, smoking and depressive symptoms, those with three or more HI or IN symptoms had the highest odds of obesity (HI 3, odds ratio (OR)1.50, 95% confidence interval (CI)1.222.83; IN 3, OR1.21, 95% CI1.021.44) compared with those with no HI or IN symptoms. HI symptoms at the 3 level were significantly associated with a higher OR of hypertension (HI 3, OR1.24, 95% CI1.011.51; HI continuous, OR1.04, 95% CI1.001.09), but associations were nonsignificant when models were adjusted for BMI. Latent growth modeling results indicated that compared with those reporting no HI or IN symptoms, those reporting 3 or more symptoms had higher initial levels of BMI during adolescence. Only HI symptoms were associated with change in BMI.Conclusion:Self-reported ADHD symptoms were associated with adult BMI and change in BMI from adolescence to adulthood, providing further evidence of a link between ADHD symptoms and obesity. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.
Source Title: International Journal of Obesity
ISSN: 03070565
DOI: 10.1038/ijo.2010.214
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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