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Title: The social rationale of the gift relationship
Authors: Voo, T.C. 
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: Voo, T.C. (2011). The social rationale of the gift relationship. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (11) : 663-667. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper argues that, for Richard Titmuss, the rationale of the gift relationship (TGR) as a national blood policy is to reconcile liberty with social justice in the provision of an essential health resource. Underpinned by a needsbased distributive principle, TGR provides a social space for a plurality of values in which to engage with and motivate people to voluntarily give blood and other body materials as a common good. This understanding of TGR as a value pluralistic framework and its implications will be used to discuss the issue of using economic mechanisms to increase the supply of body materials or goods, including organs for transplantation. It is argued that, while TGR excludes a policy in which body goods are treated as private commodities and distributed primarily on the basis of achieving market efficiency, it is not in principle opposed to the use of material rewards, including financial ones, to motivate people to donate.
Source Title: Journal of Medical Ethics
ISSN: 03066800
DOI: 10.1136/jme.2010.041616
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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