Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1038/srep03754
Title: Reduced phosphorylation of brain insulin receptor substrate and Akt proteins in apolipoprotein-E4 targeted replacement mice
Authors: Ong, Q.-R.
Chan, E.S.
Lim, M.-L.
Cole, G.M.
Wong, B.-S. 
Issue Date: 17-Jan-2014
Citation: Ong, Q.-R., Chan, E.S., Lim, M.-L., Cole, G.M., Wong, B.-S. (2014-01-17). Reduced phosphorylation of brain insulin receptor substrate and Akt proteins in apolipoprotein-E4 targeted replacement mice. Scientific Reports 4 : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep03754
Abstract: Human ApoE4 accelerates memory decline in ageing and in Alzheimer's disease. Although intranasal insulin can improve cognition, this has little effect in ApoE4 subjects. To understand this ApoE genotype-dependent effect, we examined brain insulin signaling in huApoE3 and huApoE4 targeted replacement (TR) mice. At 32 weeks, lower insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) at S636/639 and Akt phosphorylation at T308 were detected in fasting huApoE4 TR mice as compared to fasting huApoE3 TR mice. These changes in fasting huApoE4 TR mice were linked to lower brain glucose content and have no effect on plasma glucose level. However, at 72 weeks of age, these early changes were accompanied by reduction in IRS2 expression, IRS1 phosphorylation at Y608, Akt phosphorylation at S473, and MAPK (p38 and p44/42) activation in the fasting huApoE4 TR mice. The lower brain glucose was significantly associated with higher brain insulin in the aged huApoE4 TR mice. These results show that ApoE4 reduces brain insulin signaling and glucose level leading to higher insulin content.
Source Title: Scientific Reports
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/109573
ISSN: 20452322
DOI: 10.1038/srep03754
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