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Title: Patz1 regulates embryonic stem cell identity
Authors: Ow, J.R.
Ma, H.
Jean, A.
Goh, Z.
Lee, Y.H.
Chong, Y.M.
Soong, R.
Fu, X.-Y.
Yang, H.
Wu, Q. 
Issue Date: 15-May-2014
Citation: Ow, J.R., Ma, H., Jean, A., Goh, Z., Lee, Y.H., Chong, Y.M., Soong, R., Fu, X.-Y., Yang, H., Wu, Q. (2014-05-15). Patz1 regulates embryonic stem cell identity. Stem Cells and Development 23 (10) : 1062-1073. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) derived from the inner cell mass (ICM) of blastocysts are pluripotent. Pluripotency is maintained by a transcriptional network in which Oct4 and Nanog are master regulators. Notably, several zinc finger transcription factors have important roles in this network. Patz1, a BTB/POZ-domain-containing zinc finger protein, is expressed at higher levels in the ICM relative to the trophectoderm. However, its function in pluripotency has been poorly studied. Here, we show that Patz1 is an important regulator of pluripotency in ESCs. Patz1 RNAi, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), and reporter assays indicate that Patz1 directly regulates Pou5f1 and Nanog. Global transcriptome changes upon Patz1 knockdown largely involve upregulation of apoptotic genes and downregulation of cell cycle and cellular metabolism genes. Patz1 ChIP sequencing further identified more than 5,000 binding sites of Patz1 in mouse genome, from which two binding motifs were extracted. Further, gene ontology analysis of genes associated with the binding sites displays enrichment for proximity to developmental genes. In addition, embryoid body assays suggest that Patz1 represses developmental genes. Together, these results propose that Patz1 is important for ESC pluripotency. © Copyright 2014, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2014.
Source Title: Stem Cells and Development
ISSN: 15578534
DOI: 10.1089/scd.2013.0430
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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