Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-781
Title: Language barrier and its relationship to diabetes and diabetic retinopathy
Authors: Zheng, Y.
Lamoureux, E.L.
Chiang, P.-C.P.
Anuar, A.R.
Ding, J.
Wang, J.J.
Mitchell, P.
Tai, E.-S.
Wong, T.Y. 
Keywords: Asian indians
Diabetes
Diabetic retinopathy
English proficiency
Visual impairment
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Zheng, Y., Lamoureux, E.L., Chiang, P.-C.P., Anuar, A.R., Ding, J., Wang, J.J., Mitchell, P., Tai, E.-S., Wong, T.Y. (2012). Language barrier and its relationship to diabetes and diabetic retinopathy. BMC Public Health 12 (1) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-781
Abstract: Background: Language barrier is an important determinant of health care access and health. We examined the associations of English proficiency with type-2 diabetes (T2DM) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in Asian Indians living in Singapore, an urban city where English is the predominant language of communication. Methods. This was a population-based, cross-sectional study. T2DM was defined as HbA1c 6.5%, use of diabetic medication or a physician diagnosis of diabetes. Retinal photographs were graded for the severity of DR including vision-threatening DR (VTDR). Presenting visual impairment (VI) was defined as LogMAR visual acuity>0.30 in the better-seeing eye. English proficiency at the time of interview was assessed. Results: The analyses included 2,289 (72.1%) English-speaking and 885 (27.9%) Tamil- speaking Indians. Tamil-speaking Indians had significantly higher prevalence of T2DM (46.2 vs. 34.7%, p
Source Title: BMC Public Health
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/109434
ISSN: 14712458
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-781
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