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Title: In-home coal and wood use and lung cancer risk: A pooled analysis of the international lung cancer consortium
Authors: Dean Hosgood, H.
Boffetta, P.
Greenland, S.
Lee, Y.-C.A.
Mclaughlin, J.
Seow, A. 
Duell, E.J.
Andrew, A.S.
Zaridze, D.
Szeszenia-Dabrowska, N.
Rudnai, P.
Lissowska, J.
Fabiánová, E.
Mates, D.
Bencko, V.
Foretova, L.
Janout, V.
Morgenstern, H.
Rothman, N.
Hung, R.J.
Brennan, P.
Lan, Q.
Keywords: Coal
Lung cancer
Risk factor
Issue Date: Dec-2010
Citation: Dean Hosgood, H., Boffetta, P., Greenland, S., Lee, Y.-C.A., Mclaughlin, J., Seow, A., Duell, E.J., Andrew, A.S., Zaridze, D., Szeszenia-Dabrowska, N., Rudnai, P., Lissowska, J., Fabiánová, E., Mates, D., Bencko, V., Foretova, L., Janout, V., Morgenstern, H., Rothman, N., Hung, R.J., Brennan, P., Lan, Q. (2010-12). In-home coal and wood use and lung cancer risk: A pooled analysis of the international lung cancer consortium. Environmental Health Perspectives 118 (12) : 1743-1747. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background: Domestic fuel combustion from cooking and heating is an important public health issue because roughly 3 billion people are exposed worldwide. Recently, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classifed indoor emissions from household coal combustion as a human carcinogen (group 1) and from biomass fuel (primarily wood) as a probable human carcinogen (group 2A). oB je c t iv e s: We pooled seven studies from the International Lung Cancer Consortium (5,105 cases and 6,535 controls) to provide further epidemiological evaluation of the association between in-home solid-fuel use, particularly wood, and lung cancer risk. Methods: Using questionnaire data, we classifed subjects as predominant solid-fuel users (e.g., coal, wood) or nonsolid-fuel users (e.g., oil, gas, electricity). Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) and to compute 95% confdence intervals (CIs), adjusting for age, sex, education, smoking status, race/ethnicity, and study center. results: Compared with nonsolid-fuel users, predominant coal users (OR = 1.64; 95% CI, 1.49-1.81), particularly coal users in Asia (OR = 4.93; 95% CI, 3.73-6.52), and predominant wood users in North American and European countries (OR = 1.21; 95% CI, 1.06-1.38) experienced higher risk of lung cancer. Te results were similar in never-smoking women and other subgroups. conclusions: Our results are consistent with previous observations pertaining to in-home coal use and lung cancer risk, support the hypothesis of a carcinogenic potential of in-home wood use, and point to the need for more detailed study of factors afecting these associations.
Source Title: Environmental Health Perspectives
ISSN: 00916765
DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1002217
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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