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Title: Inducible hydrogen sulfide synthesis in chondrocytes and mesenchymal progenitor cells: Is H2S a novel cytoprotective mediator in the inflamed joint?
Authors: Fox, B.
Schantz, J.-T. 
Haigh, R.
Wood, M.E.
Moore, P.K.
Viner, N.
Spencer, J.P.E.
Winyard, P.G.
Whiteman, M.
Keywords: Apoptosis
Oxidative stress
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Fox, B., Schantz, J.-T., Haigh, R., Wood, M.E., Moore, P.K., Viner, N., Spencer, J.P.E., Winyard, P.G., Whiteman, M. (2012). Inducible hydrogen sulfide synthesis in chondrocytes and mesenchymal progenitor cells: Is H2S a novel cytoprotective mediator in the inflamed joint?. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine 16 (4) : 896-910. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has recently been proposed as an endogenous mediator of inflammation and is present in human synovial fluid. This study determined whether primary human articular chondrocytes (HACs) and mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs) could synthesize H2S in response to pro-inflammatory cytokines relevant to human arthropathies, and to determine the cellular responses to endogenous and pharmacological H2S. HACs and MPCs were exposed to IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The expression and enzymatic activity of the H2S synthesizing enzymes cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) and cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) were determined by Western blot and zinctrap spectrophotometry, respectively. Cellular oxidative stress was induced by H2O2, the peroxynitrite donor SIN-1 and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE). Cell death was assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assays. Mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) was determined in situ by flow cytometry. Endogenous H2S synthesis was inhibited by siRNAmediated knockdown of CSE and CBS and pharmacological inhibitors D, L-propargylglycine and aminoxyacetate, respectively. Exogenous H2S was generated using GYY4137. Under basal conditions HACs and MPCs expressed CBS and CSE and synthesized H2S in a CBS-dependent manner, whereas CSE expression and activity was induced by treatment of cells with IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6 or LPS. Oxidative stress-induced cell death was significantly inhibited by GYY4137 treatment but increased by pharmacological inhibition of H2S synthesis or by CBS/CSE-siRNA treatment. These data suggest CSE is an inducible source of H2S in cultured HACs and MPCs. H2S may represent a novel endogenous mechanism of cytoprotection in the inflamed joint, suggesting a potential opportunity for therapeutic intervention. © 2011 The Authors Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine. © 2011 Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine/Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Source Title: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
ISSN: 15821838
DOI: 10.1111/j.1582-4934.2011.01357.x
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