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Title: Functional characterization of alternative splicing in the C terminus of L-type Ca v1.3 channels
Authors: Tan, B.Z.
Jiang, F.
Tan, M.Y.
Yu, D.
Huang, H.
Shen, Y.
Soong, T.W. 
Issue Date: 9-Dec-2011
Citation: Tan, B.Z., Jiang, F., Tan, M.Y., Yu, D., Huang, H., Shen, Y., Soong, T.W. (2011-12-09). Functional characterization of alternative splicing in the C terminus of L-type Ca v1.3 channels. Journal of Biological Chemistry 286 (49) : 42725-42735. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Ca V1.3 channels are unique among the high voltage-activated Ca 2+ channel family because they activate at the most negative potentials and display very rapid calcium-dependent inactivation. Both properties are of crucial importance in neurons of the suprachiasmatic nucleus and substantia nigra, where the influx of Ca 2+ ions at subthreshold membrane voltages supports pacemaking function. Previously, alternative splicing in the Ca V1.3C terminus gives rise to a long (Ca V1.3 42) and a short form (Ca V1.3 42A), resulting in a pronounced activation at more negative voltages and faster inactivation in the latter. It was further shown that the C-terminal modulator in the Ca V1.3 42 isoforms modulates calmodulin binding to the IQ domain. Using splice variant-specific antibodies, we determined that protein localization of both splice variants in different brain regions were similar. Using the transcript-scanning method, we further identified alternative splicing at four loci in theCterminus of Ca V1.3 channels. Alternative splicing of exon 41 removes the IQ motif, resulting in a truncated Ca V1.3 protein with diminished inactivation. Splicing of exon 43 causes a frameshift and exhibits a robust inactivation of similar intensity to Ca V1.3 42A. Alternative splicing of exons 44 and 48 are in-frame, altering interaction of the distal modulator with the IQ domain and tapering inactivation slightly. Thus, alternative splicing in the C terminus of Ca V1.3 channels modulates its electrophysiological properties, which could in turn alter neuronal firing properties and functions. © 2011 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry
ISSN: 00219258
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.265207
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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