Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||HLA-B*13:01 and the dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome||Authors:||Zhang, F.-R.
De Bakker, P.I.W.
|Issue Date:||2013||Citation:||Zhang, F.-R., Liu, H., Irwanto, A., Fu, X.-A., Li, Y., Yu, G.-Q., Yu, Y.-X., Chen, M.-F., Low, H.-Q., Li, J.-H., Bao, F.-F., Foo, J.-N., Bei, J.-X., Jia, X.-M., Liu, J., Liany, H., Wang, N., Niu, G.-Y., Wang, Z.-Z., Shi, B.-Q., Tian, H.-Q., Liu, H.-X., Ma, S.-S., Zhou, Y., You, J.-B., Yang, Q., Wang, C., Chu, T.-S., Liu, D.-C., Yu, X.-L., Sun, Y.-H., Ning, Y., Wei, Z.-H., Chen, S.-L., Chen, X.-C., Zhang, Z.-X., Liu, Y.-X., Pulit, S.L., Wu, W.-B., Zheng, Z.-Y., Yang, R.-D., Long, H., Liu, Z.-S., Wang, J.-Q., Li, M., Zhang, L.-H., Wang, H., Wang, L.-M., Xiao, P., Li, J.-L., Huang, Z.-M., Huang, J.-X., Li, Z., Liu, J., Xiong, L., Yang, J., Wang, X.-D., Yu, D.-B., Lu, X.-M., Zhou, G.-Z., Yan, L.-B., Shen, J.-P., Zhang, G.-C., Zeng, Y.-X., De Bakker, P.I.W., Chen, S.-M., Liu, J.-J. (2013). HLA-B*13:01 and the dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome. New England Journal of Medicine 369 (17) : 1620-1628. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1213096||Abstract:||BACKGROUND: Dapsone is used in the treatment of infections and inflammatory diseases. The dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome, which is associated with a reported mortality of 9.9%, develops in about 0.5 to 3.6% of persons treated with the drug. Currently, no tests are available to predict the risk of the dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome. METHODS: We performed a genomewide association study involving 872 participants who had received dapsone as part of multidrug therapy for leprosy (39 participants with the dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome and 833 controls), using log-additive tests of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and imputed HLA molecules. For a replication analysis, we genotyped 24 SNPs in an additional 31 participants with the dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome and 1089 controls and performed next-generation sequencing for HLA-B and HLA-C typing at four-digit resolution in an independent series of 37 participants with the dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome and 201 controls. RESULTS: Genomewide association analysis showed that SNP rs2844573, located between the HLA-B and MICA loci, was significantly associated with the dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome among patients with leprosy (odds ratio, 6.18; P = 3.84×10-13). HLAB*13:01 was confirmed to be a risk factor for the dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome (odds ratio, 20.53; P = 6.84×10-25). The presence of HLA-B*13:01 had a sensitivity of 85.5% and a specificity of 85.7% as a predictor of the dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome, and its absence was associated with a reduction in risk by a factor of 7 (from 1.4% to 0.2%). HLA-B*13:01 is present in about 2 to 20% of Chinese persons, 1.5% of Japanese persons, 1 to 12% of Indians, and 2 to 4% of Southeast Asians but is largely absent in Europeans and Africans. CONCLUSIONS: HLA-B*13:01 was associated with the development of the dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome among patients with leprosy. Copyright © 2013 Massachusetts Medical Society.||Source Title:||New England Journal of Medicine||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/108956||ISSN:||00284793||DOI:||10.1056/NEJMoa1213096|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
checked on Sep 10, 2019
WEB OF SCIENCETM
checked on Sep 10, 2019
checked on Sep 7, 2019
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.