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Title: 8q24 and 17q Prostate cancer susceptibility loci in a multiethnic Asian cohort
Authors: Chan, J.Y.
Li, H.
Singh, O.
Mahajan, A.
Ramasamy, S.
Subramaniyan, K.
Kanesvaran, R.
Sim, H.G.
Chong, T.W.
Teo, Y.-Y. 
Chia, S.E. 
Tan, M.-H.
Chowbay, B.
Keywords: Cancer
Issue Date: Nov-2013
Citation: Chan, J.Y., Li, H., Singh, O., Mahajan, A., Ramasamy, S., Subramaniyan, K., Kanesvaran, R., Sim, H.G., Chong, T.W., Teo, Y.-Y., Chia, S.E., Tan, M.-H., Chowbay, B. (2013-11). 8q24 and 17q Prostate cancer susceptibility loci in a multiethnic Asian cohort. Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations 31 (8) : 1553-1560. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Objectives: Recently, several genome-wide association studies have demonstrated a cumulative association of 5 polymorphic variants in chromosomes 8q24 and 17q with prostate cancer (CaP) risk in Caucasians, particularly those harboring aggressive clinicopathologic characteristics. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of these variants on CaP susceptibility in Singaporean Asian men. Materials and methods: We performed a case-control study in 289 Chinese CaP patients and 412 healthy subjects (144 Chinese, 134 Malays, and 134 Indians), and examined the association of the 5 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with CaP. Results: In the healthy subjects, rs16901979 A-allele frequency was highest amongst Chinese (0.32) compared with Malays (0.13; P < 0.0001) or Indians (0.09; P < 0.0001); rs6983267 G-allele was highest in Indians (0.51) compared with Chinese (0.42; P = 0.041) or Malays (0.43; P = 0.077); whereas rs1859962 G-allele frequency was highest amongst Indians (0.56) compared with Chinese (0.40; P = 0.0002) or Malays (0.38; P < 0.0001). Individuals with the rs4430796 TT genotype were at increased CaP risk in the Chinese via a recessive model (odds ratios (OR) = 1.56, 95% CI = 1.04-2.33). Significant associations were observed for rs4430796 TT with Gleason scores of ≥7 (OR = 1.76, 95% CI = 1.14-2.73) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels of ≥10 ng/ml at diagnosis (OR = 1.63, 95% CI = 1.01-2.63), as well as for rs6983267 GG with stage 3-4 CaPs (OR = 1.91, 95% CI = 1.01-3.61). A cumulative gene interaction influence on disease risk, which approximately doubled for individuals with at least 2 susceptibility genotypes, was also identified (OR = 2.18, 95% CI = 1.10-4.32). Conclusions: This exploratory analysis suggests that the 5 genetic variants previously described may contribute to prostate cancer risk in Singaporean men. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Source Title: Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
ISSN: 10781439
DOI: 10.1016/j.urolonc.2012.02.009
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