Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2011.08.017
Title: Effect of duration, participation rate, and supervision during community rehabilitation on functional outcomes in the first poststroke year in Singapore
Authors: Koh, G.C.-H. 
Saxena, S.K.
Ng, T.-P.
Yong, D.
Fong, N.-P. 
Keywords: Activities of daily living
Cohort studies
Recovery of function
Rehabilitation
Stroke
Issue Date: Feb-2012
Citation: Koh, G.C.-H., Saxena, S.K., Ng, T.-P., Yong, D., Fong, N.-P. (2012-02). Effect of duration, participation rate, and supervision during community rehabilitation on functional outcomes in the first poststroke year in Singapore. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 93 (2) : 279-286. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2011.08.017
Abstract: Objective: To examine the effect of duration, participation rate, and supervision during community rehabilitation on functional outcome during the first poststroke year. Design: Prospective longitudinal study with interviews at admission, discharge, 1 month, 6 months, and 1 year after discharge. Setting: Two subacute inpatient rehabilitation units and the community after discharge in Singapore. Participants: Subacute nonaphasic stroke patients (N=215). Intervention: Participation rate in supervised therapy (at an outpatient rehabilitation center) and unsupervised therapy (at home) as defined as proportion of time performing therapy as prescribed by the subacute hospital's multidisciplinary rehabilitation team at discharge. Main Outcome Measure: Performance of activities of daily living as measured by Barthel Index (BI) score at 1 year and improvement in BI scores between adjacent timepoints. Results: At 1 month after discharge, 33.3% were performing supervised therapy more than 25% of the recommended time, and 66.3% of subjects were performing unsupervised therapy more than 75% of the recommended time. On a mixed-model analysis, the independent predictors of lower BI scores were older age, hypertension, greater cognitive impairment, greater depressive symptoms, and greater neurologic impairment. Adjusting for these independent factors, performance of supervised therapy at 1 (β=8.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.517.0; P=.039) and 6 (β=20.1; 95% CI, 11.029.2; P
Source Title: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/108845
ISSN: 00039993
DOI: 10.1016/j.apmr.2011.08.017
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