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Title: Estimated glomerular filtration rate and its association with the retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) locus on human chromosome 10q23
Authors: Ng, D.P.K. 
Salim, A. 
Lim, X.-L.
Nurbaya, S.
Keywords: estimated glomerular filtration rate
multiple hypothesis testing
retinol-binding protein 4
Issue Date: Apr-2012
Citation: Ng, D.P.K., Salim, A., Lim, X.-L., Nurbaya, S. (2012-04). Estimated glomerular filtration rate and its association with the retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) locus on human chromosome 10q23. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 27 (4) : 1511-1515. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background. We tested for associations between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) haplotypes found on human chromosome 10q23. This locus had been linked to eGFR in a previous linkage scan in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods. We analysed 469 patients with Type 2 diabetes and 174 normoalbuminuric controls for associations between RBP4 haplotypes and eGFR. For comparison with controls, 295 cases with proteinuria/end-stage renal disease were tested for associations with advanced diabetic nephropathy. Genotyping was performed using high-resolution DNA melting assays. Data analysis was performed using the haplo.stats package. Results. Genetic variations in RBP4 were not associated with advanced diabetic nephropathy. Compared with the common A/G/G/C haplotype, C/A/A/C carriers among the normoalbuminuric controls had higher eGFR values among younger patients but lower eGFRs among the older patients (effect size = 2.2, P = 3.3 × 10 -7). Furthermore, while eGFR values were fairly consistent over the range of systolic blood pressure (SBP) values for the common haplotype, eGFR in C/A/A/C carriers increased with SBP (effect size = 3.6, P = 1.5 × 10 -2). There was a significant interaction between the C/A/A/C haplotype and HbA1c as they affect eGFR compared to the common haplotype (effect size = 2.1, P = 2.1 × 10 -3). Power calculations demonstrated that our study had >90% power to detect the observed interactions even while performing multiple hypotheses testing. The interaction between SBP and the C/A/A/C haplotype remained significant (P = 2.8 × 10 -2) even when these three haplotype-environment interactions were simultaneously estimated.Conclusion. RBP4 haplotypes may be important in genetically modulating renal function in response to environmental challenges among patients with Type 2 diabetes. © 2011 The Author.
Source Title: Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation
ISSN: 09310509
DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfr442
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