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Title: A novel MLL5 isoform that is essential to activate E6 and E7 transcription in HPV16/18-associated cervical cancers
Authors: Yew, C.W.
Lee, P.
Chan, W.K.
Lim, V.K.J.
Tay, S.K.
Tan, T.M.C. 
Deng, L.-W.
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2011
Citation: Yew, C.W., Lee, P., Chan, W.K., Lim, V.K.J., Tay, S.K., Tan, T.M.C., Deng, L.-W. (2011-11-01). A novel MLL5 isoform that is essential to activate E6 and E7 transcription in HPV16/18-associated cervical cancers. Cancer Research 71 (21) : 6696-6707. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the primary cause of human cervical cancer. The viral proteins E6 and E7 are essential to transform noncancerous epithelial cells into cancerous carcinomas by targeting key tumor suppressors p53 and retinoblastoma (Rb) proteins, respectively, but the cellular factors involved in E6 and E7 transcription themselves are incompletely understood. In this study, we defined a novel isoform of the mixed lineage leukemia 5 gene (MLL5β) as a specific and critical regulator of E6 and E7 transcription in cervical carcinoma cells. MLL5β is present in HPV16/18-positive cells including human primary cervical carcinoma specimens. Interaction of MLL5β with the AP-1-binding site at the distal region of the HPV18 long control region led to activation of E6/E7 transcription. Conversely, RNA interference-mediated knockdown of MLL5β downregulated both E6 and E7 expression. MLL5β downregulation was sufficient to restore p53 protein levels and reduce Rb phosphorylation, thereby reactivating apoptosis and cell-cycle checkpoints. By defining this novel MLL5β isoform and its specific critical role in activating E6/E7 gene transcription in HPV16/18-induced cervical cancers, our work highlights the potential of MLL5b as a biomarker and new therapeutic target in primary HPV-induced cervical cancers. ©2011 AACR.
Source Title: Cancer Research
ISSN: 00085472
DOI: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-11-1271
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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