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Title: A Disalicylic Acid-Furanyl Derivative Inhibits Ephrin Binding to a Subset of Eph Receptors
Authors: Noberini, R.
De, S.K.
Zhang, Z.
Wu, B.
Raveendra-Panickar, D.
Chen, V.
Vazquez, J.
Qin, H. 
Song, J. 
Cosford, N.D.P.
Pellecchia, M.
Pasquale, E.B.
Keywords: Angiogenesis
Dimethylpyrrole derivative
Nerve regeneration
Protein tyrosine kinase
Small molecule
Issue Date: Oct-2011
Citation: Noberini, R., De, S.K., Zhang, Z., Wu, B., Raveendra-Panickar, D., Chen, V., Vazquez, J., Qin, H., Song, J., Cosford, N.D.P., Pellecchia, M., Pasquale, E.B. (2011-10). A Disalicylic Acid-Furanyl Derivative Inhibits Ephrin Binding to a Subset of Eph Receptors. Chemical Biology and Drug Design 78 (4) : 667-678. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Eph receptor tyrosine kinases and ephrin ligands control many physiological and pathological processes, and molecules interfering with their interaction are useful probes to elucidate their complex biological functions. Moreover, targeting Eph receptors might enable new strategies to inhibit cancer progression and pathological angiogenesis as well as promote nerve regeneration. Because our previous work suggested the importance of the salicylic acid group in antagonistic small molecules targeting Eph receptors, we screened a series of salicylic acid derivatives to identify novel Eph receptor antagonists. This identified a disalicylic acid-furanyl derivative that inhibits ephrin-A5 binding to EphA4 with an IC 50 of 3μm in ELISAs. This compound, which appears to bind to the ephrin-binding pocket of EphA4, also targets several other Eph receptors. Furthermore, it inhibits EphA2 and EphA4 tyrosine phosphorylation in cells stimulated with ephrin while not affecting phosphorylation of EphB2, which is not a target receptor. In endothelial cells, the disalicylic acid-furanyl derivative inhibits EphA2 phosphorylation in response to TNFα and capillary-like tube formation on Matrigel, two effects that depend on EphA2 interaction with endogenous ephrin-A1. These findings suggest that salicylic acid derivatives could be used as starting points to design new small molecule antagonists of Eph receptors. Inhibiting the binding of ephrin ligands to Eph receptor tyrosine kinases with small molecules could be useful for numerous therapeutic and research applications. We identified a disalicylic acid-furanyl derivative (76D10) that binds in the high affinity ephrin-binding pocket of the EphA4 receptor and inhibits ephrin ligand binding to a subset of Eph receptors. This compound also inhibits Eph receptor activation by ephrin ligands in cultured cells as well as Eph receptor-mediated effects in cancer and endothelial cells. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Source Title: Chemical Biology and Drug Design
ISSN: 17470277
DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-0285.2011.01199.x
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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