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Title: In vitro combinations of antibiotics and phytochemicals against Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Authors: Sakharkar, M.K.
Jayaraman, P.
Soe, W.M.
Chow, V.T.K. 
Sing, L.C.
Sakharkar, K.R. 
Keywords: Caffeic acid
Combined modality therapy
Drug resistance
Protocatechuic acid
Issue Date: Oct-2009
Citation: Sakharkar, M.K., Jayaraman, P., Soe, W.M., Chow, V.T.K., Sing, L.C., Sakharkar, K.R. (2009-10). In vitro combinations of antibiotics and phytochemicals against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection 42 (5) : 364-370. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background and purpose: Antibiotic combinations we used to enhance antibacterial efficacy and to prevent the development of resistance. In this study the in vitro activities of antibiotic and phytochemical combinations against Pseudomonas aeruginosa were tested by the fractional inhibitory concentration method, derived from the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of the agents in combination. Methods: The antimicrobial activity of phytochemicals, alone and in combination with antibiotics, was evaluated using the checkerboard assay and time-kill curve methods. Results: Them was synergism between gentamicin and caffeic acid, and sulfadiazine and the 3 phytochemicals under investigation (protocatechuic acid, quercetin, caffeic acid). The MIC of sulfadiazine was 256 μg/mL, and of gentamicin was 2 μg/mL. When gentamicin was combined with one-quarter the MIC of caffeic acid, the MIC of gentamicin was reduced 4-fold. When sulfadiazine was tested with one-quarter the MIC of protocatechuic acid, quercetin, and caffeic acid, the MIC was reduced 4-fold in combination with each of the drugs. Conclusions: These results indicate the potential efficacy of phytochemicals in combination with antibiotics for enhancing total biological activity. © 2009 Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection.
Source Title: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection
ISSN: 16841182
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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