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Title: The first cell cycle after transfer of somatic cell nuclei in a non-human primate
Authors: Ng, S.-C. 
Chen, N. 
Yip, W.-Y.
Liow, S.-L. 
Tong, G.-Q.
Martelli, B.
Geok Tan, L.
Martelli, P.
Keywords: Cell cycle
Embryo transfer
Non-human primate
Somatic cell nuclear transfer
Spindle formation
Issue Date: May-2004
Citation: Ng, S.-C., Chen, N., Yip, W.-Y., Liow, S.-L., Tong, G.-Q., Martelli, B., Geok Tan, L., Martelli, P. (2004-05). The first cell cycle after transfer of somatic cell nuclei in a non-human primate. Development 131 (10) : 2475-2484. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Production of genetically identical non-human primates through somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) can provide diseased genotypes for research and clarify embryonic stem cell potentials. Understanding the cellular and molecular changes in SCNT is crucial to its success. Thus the changes in the first cell cycle of reconstructed zygotes after nuclear transfer (NT) of somatic cells in the Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) were studied. Embryos were reconstructed by injecting cumulus and fibroblasts from M. fascicularis and M. silenus, into enucleated M. fascicularis oocytes. A spindle of unduplicated premature condensed chromosome (PCC spindle) from the donor somatic cell was formed at 2 hours after NT. Following activation, the chromosomes segregated and moved towards the two PCC spindle poles, then formed two nuclei. Twenty-four hours after activation, the first cell division occurred. A schematic of the first cell cycle changes following injection of a somatic cell into an enucleated oocyte is proposed. Ninety-three reconstructed embryos were transferred into 31 recipients, resulting in 7 pregnancies that were confirmed by ultrasound; unfortunately none progressed beyond 60 days.
Source Title: Development
ISSN: 09501991
DOI: 10.1242/dev.01118
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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