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Title: Enhanced gene expression in mouse muscle by sustained release of plasmid DNA using PPE-EA as a carrier
Authors: Wang, J.
Zhang, P.-C.
Mao, H.-Q. 
Leong, K.W. 
Keywords: Biodegradable polymer
Gene delivery
Sustained released
Tissue compatibility
Issue Date: Sep-2002
Citation: Wang, J., Zhang, P.-C., Mao, H.-Q., Leong, K.W. (2002-09). Enhanced gene expression in mouse muscle by sustained release of plasmid DNA using PPE-EA as a carrier. Gene Therapy 9 (18) : 1254-1261. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Delivery of plasmid DNA by nanoparticles improves the DNA bioavailability, for instance in intramuscular administration, by localizing the DNA in the muscle tissue. Extracellular sustained release of the DNA may lead to more prolonged transgene expression. The present study describes a novel controlled gene delivery system based on a water soluble and biodegradable polyphosphoester, poly(2-aminoethyl propylene phosphate) (PPE-EA). The polymer degraded in PBS at 37°C through the cleavage of the backbone phosphate bonds, and it was synthesized with a relative high molecular weight to ensure a suitable hydrolytic stability as a gene carrier. The tissue response and cytotoxicity study demonstrated a better tissue compatibility of PPE-EA in mouse muscle compared with commonly used polyethylenimine and poly-L-lysine. PPE-EA condensed DNA efficiently and protected DNA from nuclease and serum degradation. Sustained release of plasmid was achieved from PPE-EA/DNA complexes as a result of PPE-EA degradation. The DNA release profiles appear to be predominantly controlled by carrier degradation and the release rate of plasmid could be adjusted by varying the charge ratio of PPE-EA to DNA. At an N/P (amino to phosphate groups) ratio of 1, a 46% burst was observed for the first day, followed by about 4% release per day (24 μg DNA/day/mg of complex) for 12 days. Higher charge ratios reduced both the DNA release rate and the burst effect. The released DNA retained its structural and functional integrity. Intramuscular injection of PPE-EA-p43-LacZ complexes at N/P ratios of 0.5 and 1 resulted in enhanced β-galactosidase expression in anterior tibialis muscle in Balb/c mice, as compared with naked DNA injections. Similarly, PPE-EA/IFNα2b DNA complexes generated an increased systemic level of interferon-α2b in mouse serum following intramuscular injection, as compared with naked DNA injection.
Source Title: Gene Therapy
ISSN: 09697128
DOI: 10.1038/
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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