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Title: Public Awareness of Diabetes Mellitus in Singapore
Authors: Wee, H.L. 
Ho, H.K. 
Li, S.C. 
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus
Health promotion
Public sector
Issue Date: Mar-2002
Citation: Wee, H.L.,Ho, H.K.,Li, S.C. (2002-03). Public Awareness of Diabetes Mellitus in Singapore. Singapore Medical Journal 43 (3) : 128-134. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Introduction: Much effort has been devoted to educating the public about diabetes. However, the impact of such efforts has yet to be formally evaluated. Objectives: To identify areas of knowledge that might require additional educational efforts. Methodology: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to evaluate the general public's knowledge of diabetes. The respondents were required to answer 45 questions from a pre-tested questionnaire divided into five main sections, namely, general knowledge, risk factors, symptoms and complications, treatment and management, monitoring and other miscellaneous questions. A point was awarded for each correct response and zero for wrong or unsure responses. The maximum total score was 41. The miscellaneous questions were not scored. Results: A total of 1337 subjects were interviewed. The mean score obtained by the respondents was 66.1% of the maximum possible total score (i.e. 27.1 points out of 41). The "correct answer" percentages for the individual questions from each section ranges from 22 to 83% (General knowledge), 31 to 91 % (Risk factors), 48 to 81% (Symptoms and complications), 35 to 87% (Treatment and management), and 58 to 93% (Monitoring of condition). With respect to the source of medical information, health care professionals did not feature prominently (20.7%). Conclusion: The public as represented by the samples in this survey is generally well informed about diabetes except for a few areas. Analysis of these areas would have a significant implication for future public education programme. Health care professionals should be more proactive in disseminating health information about diabetes to the public.
Source Title: Singapore Medical Journal
ISSN: 00375675
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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