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Title: Investigating the role of nucleoside transporters in the resistance of colorectal cancer to 5-fluorouracil therapy
Authors: Phua, L.C.
Mal, M.
Koh, P.K.
Cheah, P.Y.
Chan, E.C.Y. 
Ho, H.K. 
Keywords: 5-fluorouracil
Colorectal cancer
Equilibrative nucleoside transporter
Issue Date: Mar-2013
Citation: Phua, L.C., Mal, M., Koh, P.K., Cheah, P.Y., Chan, E.C.Y., Ho, H.K. (2013-03). Investigating the role of nucleoside transporters in the resistance of colorectal cancer to 5-fluorouracil therapy. Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 71 (3) : 817-823. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Resistance to 5-fluorouracil (5FU) poses a constant challenge to the management of colorectal cancer (CRC). Consistent efforts were called for to identify molecular markers that can effectively predict patients' response. This study investigated the role of nucleoside transporters, particularly human equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (hENT1), in predicting clinical treatment outcome with 5FU-based therapy. Expression of a panel of nucleoside transporters in biopsied tumors from 7 CRC patients was measured by real-time PCR prior to 5FU-based chemotherapy. To provide mechanistic support for the role of hENT1 in 5FU resistance, cell viability of Caco-2 cells was measured, following incubation with varying concentrations of 5FU and a hENT1 inhibitor. Biopsied tumors were further subjected to global metabonomic profiling using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. High hENT1 levels in tumor tissue correlated with poor clinical response to 5FU. Corroborating with the clinical findings, chemical inhibition of hENT1 in Caco-2 cells resulted in an augmentation of 5FU efficacy. Metabonomic profiling revealed that the pretreatment metabotype associated with non-responders to 5FU therapy was distinct from metabotype of responders (partial least-squares discriminant analysis Q 2 (cumulative) = 0.898, R 2 X = 0.513, R 2 Y = 0.996). This is the first clinical report on the relationships of intratumoral expression of nucleoside transporters and tumor metabotype with response to 5FU among CRC patients. Coupled to the in vitro findings, our preliminary data suggested hENT1 to be a potential codeterminant of clinical response to 5FU. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Source Title: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
ISSN: 03445704
DOI: 10.1007/s00280-012-2054-0
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