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Title: Design and evaluation of peptide amphiphiles with different hydrophobic blocks for simultaneous delivery of drugs and genesa
Authors: Wiradharma, N.
Tong, Y.W.
Yang, Y.-Y. 
Keywords: Amphiphilic oligopeptide
Drug delivery system
Simultaneous drug and gene delivery
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2010
Citation: Wiradharma, N., Tong, Y.W., Yang, Y.-Y. (2010-07-01). Design and evaluation of peptide amphiphiles with different hydrophobic blocks for simultaneous delivery of drugs and genesa. Macromolecular Rapid Communications 31 (13) : 1212-1217. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In this study, peptides with six different compositions were designed and synthesized to study the effect of the structure of the hydrophobic block in triblock oligopeptide amphiphiles ((AmX)n,H 5K15) on self-assembly properties, drug loading capacity and gene expression efficiency. The peptides were synthesized using a standard Fmoc-solid phase peptide synthesis protocol, which are Ai2H 5Ki5, AnFH5Ki5, (A 5F)2H5Ki5, (A2F) 3H5Ki5, (AF)6H5K 15and(AL)6H5K15·A 12H5K15, A11FH5K 15, (A5F)2H5K15 and (A3F)3H5K15, formed micelles at concentrations above 200 mg · L-1 with large size or aggregation. However, (AF)6H5K15 and (AL) 6H5K15 had CMC values of 42 and 49 mg · L-1 respectively, and the resulting micelles were much smaller in size as compared to the other peptide designs (108 and 233 nm for (AF) 6H5K15 and (AL)6H5K 15, respectively). In addition, both peptides were able to load paclitaxel (PTX) into nanoparticles although PTX-loaded (AF)6H 5K15 nanoparticles had a smaller size (278 versus 295 nm, respectively). Encapsulation efficiency of PTX with (AF)6H 5K15 nanoparticles was 74%. Gene transfection studies showed that luciferase expression level induced by (AF)6H 5K15 micelles in HepG2 cell line was much higher than that mediated by (AL)6H5K15 micelles at their respective optimal N/P ratios (3.2 × 108 versus 3.9 × 107 RLU·mg proteins-1). Therefore, simultaneous delivery of PTX and luciferase-encoding plasmid was conducted using (AF) 6H5K15 micelles against HepG2 cells, and the results demonstrated that the co-delivery of PTX at 0.01 mg·L -1 further increased luciferase expression level from 3.2 × 108 to 8.0 × 108 RLU · mg proteins -1 at the optimal N/P ratio (i.e., 18). In summary, it is important to optimize the hydrophobic block of the oligopeptide amphiphiles in order to achieve desired properties for co-delivery of drugs and genes. (Figure Presented) © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KCaA, Weinheim.
Source Title: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
ISSN: 10221336
DOI: 10.1002/marc.200900935
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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