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|Title:||Antioxidant and Nrf2 inducing activities of luteolin, a flavonoid constituent in Ixeris sonchifolia Hance, provide neuroprotective effects against ischemia-induced cellular injury||Authors:||Zhang, Y.-C.
Ixeris sonchifolia Hance
Middle cerebral artery occlusion
|Issue Date:||Sep-2013||Citation:||Zhang, Y.-C., Gan, F.-F., Shelar, S.B., Ng, K.-Y., Chew, E.-H. (2013-09). Antioxidant and Nrf2 inducing activities of luteolin, a flavonoid constituent in Ixeris sonchifolia Hance, provide neuroprotective effects against ischemia-induced cellular injury. Food and Chemical Toxicology 59 : 272-280. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2013.05.058||Abstract:||Ixeris sonchifolia Hance is an herb distributed in northeastern part of China and has been used by natives to invigorate circulation. In the present study, bioactivity-guided fractionation of I. sonchifolia Hance extract was performed with the aim to isolate and identify the compounds underlying the potential protective effects against ischemia brain injury. Among the four fractions isolated from the herb extract, the ethyl acetate fraction was found to scavenge DPPH radicals, induce ARE-dependent transcriptional activity and upregulate Nrf2 protein levels. The isolation work focused on this fraction revealed the presence of two categories of compounds: flavonoids and sesquiterpene lactones. Among the five isolated flavonoids, luteolin was evaluated to possess direct and indirect antioxidant activities by scavenging free radicals and inducing the upregulation of ARE-dependent phase II enzymes. Concomitant with the findings from the cell-based assays, in the middle cerebral artery occlusion-induced ischemia rat model, administration of luteolin at 4. mg/kg displayed neuroprotective effects by reducing infarct area and inhibiting neuronal cell death. In summary, the obtained results suggest that flavonoids in I. sonchifolia Hance, in particular luteolin, contribute at least partly to the neuroprotective effects against ischemia-induced cellular injury and can be potentially developed for treatment of ischemia-reperfusion induced diseases. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.||Source Title:||Food and Chemical Toxicology||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/105657||ISSN:||02786915||DOI:||10.1016/j.fct.2013.05.058|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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