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Title: Sampling accuracy of reef resource inventory technique
Authors: Long, B.G.
Andrews, G.
Wang, Y.-G. 
Keywords: Coral reef benthos
Rapid field survey technique
Sampling accuracy
Issue Date: Sep-2004
Citation: Long, B.G., Andrews, G., Wang, Y.-G., Suharsono (2004-09). Sampling accuracy of reef resource inventory technique. Coral Reefs 23 (3) : 378-385. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A new technique called the reef resource inventory (RRI) was developed to map the distribution and abundance of benthos and substratum on reefs. The rapid field sampling technique uses divers to visually estimate the percentage cover of categories of benthos and substratum along 2x20 m plotless strip-transects positioned randomly over the tops, and systematically along the edge of reefs. The purpose of this study was to compare the relative sampling accuracy of the RRI against the line intercept transect technique (LIT), an international standard for sampling reef benthos and substratum. Analysis of paired sampling with LIT and RRI at 51 sites indicated sampling accuracy was not different (P > 0.05) for 8 of the 12 benthos and substratum categories used in the study. Significant differences were attributed to small-scale patchiness and cryptic coloration of some benthos; effects associated with sampling a sparsely distributed animal along a line versus an area; difficulties in discriminating some of the benthos and substratum categories; and differences due to visual acuity since LIT measurements were taken by divers close to the seabed whereas RRI measurements were taken by divers higher in the water column. The relative cost efficiency of the RRI technique was at least three times that of LIT for all benthos and substratum categories and as much as 10 times higher for two categories. These results suggest that the RRI can be used to obtain reliable and accurate estimates of relative abundance of broad categories of reef benthos and substratum. © Springer-Verlag 2004.
Source Title: Coral Reefs
ISSN: 07224028
DOI: 10.1007/s00338-004-0403-0
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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