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Title: A stepwise likelihood ratio test procedure for rare variant selection in case-control studies
Authors: Kuk, A.Y.C.
Nott, D.J. 
Yang, Y.
Keywords: Case-control studies
Mixed model
Negative binomial distribution
Poisson approximation
Rare variant selection
Retrospective likelihood
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Kuk, A.Y.C., Nott, D.J., Yang, Y. (2014). A stepwise likelihood ratio test procedure for rare variant selection in case-control studies. Journal of Human Genetics 59 (4) : 198-205. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: There is much recent interest in finding rare genetic variants associated with various diseases. Owing to the scarcity of rare mutations, single-variant analyses often lack power. To enable pooling of information across variants, we use a random effect formulation within a retrospective modeling framework that respects the retrospective data collecting mechanism of case-control studies. More concretely, we model the control allele frequencies of the variants as random effects, and the systematic differences between the case and control frequencies as fixed effects, resulting in a mixed model. The use of Poisson approximation and gamma-distributed random effects results in a generalized negative binomial distribution for the joint distribution of the control and case frequencies. Variants are selected by conducting stepwise likelihood ratio tests. The superiority of the proposed method over two existing variant selection methods is demonstrated in a simulation study. The effects of non-gamma random effects and correlated variants are also found to be not too detrimental in the simulation study. When the proposed procedure is applied to identify rare variants associated with obesity, it identifies one additional variant not picked up by existing methods. © 2014 The Japan Society of Human Genetics.
Source Title: Journal of Human Genetics
ISSN: 1435232X
DOI: 10.1038/jhg.2014.1
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