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Title: A simple and efficient monotone smoother using smoothing splines
Authors: Zhang, J.-T. 
Keywords: Derivative estimation
Monotone smoother
Smoothing spline
Smoothing spline-based SiZer
Issue Date: Oct-2004
Citation: Zhang, J.-T. (2004-10). A simple and efficient monotone smoother using smoothing splines. Journal of Nonparametric Statistics 16 (5) : 779-796. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: It is natural to assume that a regression relationship is monotone. But the existing monotone smoothers either may not result in desirable results or are very complicated in implementation. In this article, we propose a simple and efficient monotone smoother based on estimation of derivatives using smoothing splines. The main idea is to shift the monotonicity constraint on an underlying function to the positiveness or negativeness constraint on its associated derivative curve. The simplicity of the smoother is in the sense that closed form formulas for estimation of a monotone function and its derivative curve are available, together with fast construction of their approximate standard deviation bands, and quick selection of smoothing parameter using approximate cross-validation or generalized cross-validation rules. The efficiency of the smoother is demonstrated via a small scale simulation study and successful applications of the smoother to several real data examples. Testing of non-monotonicity is also discussed via applying the recently developed smoothing spline-based SiZer directly to the data or indirectly to the residuals with the monotone effects removed.
Source Title: Journal of Nonparametric Statistics
ISSN: 10485252
DOI: 10.1080/10485250410001681167
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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