Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1021/ci0500536
Title: Prediction of cytochrome P450 3A4, 2D6, and 2C9 inhibitors and substrates by using support vector machines
Authors: Yap, C.W. 
Chen, Y.Z. 
Issue Date: Jul-2005
Citation: Yap, C.W., Chen, Y.Z. (2005-07). Prediction of cytochrome P450 3A4, 2D6, and 2C9 inhibitors and substrates by using support vector machines. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling 45 (4) : 982-992. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1021/ci0500536
Abstract: Statistical learning methods have been used in developing filters for predicting inhibitors of two P450 isoenzymes, CYP3A4 and CYP2D6. This work explores the use of different statistical learning methods for predicting inhibitors of these enzymes and an additional P450 enzyme, CYP2C9, and the substrates of the three P450 isoenzymes. Two consensus support vector machine (CSVM) methods, "positive majority" (PM-CSVM) and "positive probability" (PP-CSVM), were used in this work. These methods were first tested for the prediction of inhibitors of CYP3A4 and CYP2D6 by using a significantly higher number of inhibitors and noninhibitors than that used in earlier studies. They were then applied to the prediction of inhibitors of CYP2C9 and substrates of the three enzymes. Both methods predict inhibitors of CYP3A4 and CYP2D6 at a similar level of accuracy as those of earlier studies. For classification of inhibitors of CYP2C9, the best CSVM method gives an accuracy of 88.9% for inhibitors and 96.3% for noninhibitors. The accuracies for classification of substrates and nonsubstrates of CYP3A4, CYP2D6, and CYP2C9 are 98.2 and 90.9%, 96.6 and 94.4%, and 85.7 and 98.8%, respectively. Both CSVM methods are potentially useful as filters for predicting inhibitors and substrates of P450 isoenzymes. These methods generally give better accuracies than single SVM classification systems, and the performance of the PP-CSVM method is slightly better than that of the PM-CSVM method. © 2005 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/104842
ISSN: 15499596
DOI: 10.1021/ci0500536
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