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Title: Inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase by chalcone derivatives
Authors: Yang, E.B.
Guo, Y.J.
Zhang, K.
Chen, Y.Z. 
Mack, P.
Keywords: Epidermal growth factor receptor
Molecular modeling
Plant polyphenol
Tyrosine kinase
Issue Date: 17-Dec-2001
Citation: Yang, E.B., Guo, Y.J., Zhang, K., Chen, Y.Z., Mack, P. (2001-12-17). Inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase by chalcone derivatives. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology 1550 (2) : 144-152. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In our previous study, butein, a chalcone derivative, was found to be an inhibitor of tyrosine kinases and the inhibition was ATP-competitive. In this work, chalcone and seven chalcone derivatives were used to analyse the relationship between the structure of these compounds and their inhibition of tyrosine kinase activity. Three of chalcone derivatives, including butein, marein and phloretin, were found to have an ability to inhibit the tyrosine kinase activity of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in vitro. IC50 was 8 μM for butein, 19 μM for marein and 25 μM for phloretin. The structural characterisations of these inhibitors suggest that the hydroxylations at C4 and C4′ of these molecules may be required for them to act as EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The inhibition of EGF-induced EGFR tyrosine phosphorylation by butein was also observed in human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells, while marein and phloretin were inactive at the doses tested. Molecular modelling suggests that butein, marein and phloretin can be docked into the ATP binding pocket of EGFR. Hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interaction appear to be important in the binding of these inhibitors to EGFR. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology
ISSN: 01674838
DOI: 10.1016/S0167-4838(01)00276-X
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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