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Title: Finite element simulation of internal flows with heat transfer using a velocity correction approach
Authors: Varaprasad Patnaik, B.S. 
Gowda, Y.T.K.
Ravisankar, M.S.
Aswatha Narayana, P.A.
Seetharamu, K.N.
Keywords: Bluff body flows
Finite element simulation
Heat exchangers
Internal flows
Turbulent flows
Velocity correction method
Issue Date: 2001
Citation: Varaprasad Patnaik, B.S.,Gowda, Y.T.K.,Ravisankar, M.S.,Aswatha Narayana, P.A.,Seetharamu, K.N. (2001). Finite element simulation of internal flows with heat transfer using a velocity correction approach. Sadhana - Academy Proceedings in Engineering Sciences 26 (PART 3) : 251-283. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper enumerates finite-element based prediction of internal flow problems, with heat transfer. The present numerical simulations employ a velocity correction algorithm, with a Galerkin weighted residual formulation. Two problems each in laminar and turbulent flow regimes are investigated, by solving full Navier-Stokes equations. Flow over a backward-facing step is studied with extensive validations. The robustness of the algorithm is demonstrated by solving a very complex problem viz. a disk and doughnut baffled heat exchanger, which has several obstructions in its flow path. The effect of wall conductivity in turbulent heat transfer is also studied by performing a conjugate analysis. Temporal evolution of flow in a channel due to circular, square and elliptic obstructions is investigated, to simulate the vortex dynamics. Flow past an in-line tube bank of a heat exchanger shell is numerically studied. Resulting heat and fluid flow patterns are analysed. Important design parameters of interest such as the Nusselt number, Strouhal number, skin friction coefficient, pressure drop etc. are obtained. It is successfully demonstrated that the velocity correction approach with a Galerkin weighted residual formulation is able to effectively simulate a wide range of fluid flow features.
Source Title: Sadhana - Academy Proceedings in Engineering Sciences
ISSN: 02562499
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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