Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00441-012-1462-0
Title: The spleen of the African lungfish Protopterus annectens: Freshwater and aestivation
Authors: Icardo, J.M.
Wong, W.P.
Colvee, E.
Loong, A.M.
Ip, Y.K. 
Keywords: Aestivation
Freshwater
Protopterus annectens (Dipnoi)
Spleen
Issue Date: Oct-2012
Citation: Icardo, J.M., Wong, W.P., Colvee, E., Loong, A.M., Ip, Y.K. (2012-10). The spleen of the African lungfish Protopterus annectens: Freshwater and aestivation. Cell and Tissue Research 350 (1) : 143-156. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00441-012-1462-0
Abstract: We describe the structure of the spleen of the African lungfish Protopterus annectens in freshwater conditions, and after 6 months of aestivation. The spleen is formed by cortical tissue that surrounds the splenic parenchyma. The cortex is a reticulum that contains two types of granulocytes, developing and mature plasma cells, and melanomacrophage centres (MMCs). The parenchyma is divided into lobules that show a subcapsular sinus and areas of red pulp and white pulp. Red pulp contains vascular sinuses and atypical cords formed by delicate trabeculae. White pulp also contains vascular sinuses and cords. Structural data indicate that red pulp is involved in erythropoiesis, destruction of effete erythrocytes, and plasma cell differentiation. White pulp appears to be involved in the production of immune responses. Macrophages and sinus endothelial cells constitute the reticulo-endothelial system of the spleen. After aestivation, the number of MMCs increases, and spleen tissue is infiltrated by lymphocytes, granulocytes, and monocytes. Also, white pulp is reduced, and sinus endothelial cells undergo vacuolar degeneration. Lungfish spleen shares structural characteristics with secondary lymphoid organs of both ectothermic and endothermic vertebrates, but appears to have evolved in unique ways. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.
Source Title: Cell and Tissue Research
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/102011
ISSN: 0302766X
DOI: 10.1007/s00441-012-1462-0
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