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Title: Spectral transmission of the principal-eye corneas of jumping spiders: Implications for ultraviolet vision
Authors: Hu, Z.
Liu, F.
Xu, X.
Chen, Z.
Chen, J.
Li, D. 
Keywords: Corneal transmission
Ocular media
Principal eye
Issue Date: Aug-2012
Citation: Hu, Z., Liu, F., Xu, X., Chen, Z., Chen, J., Li, D. (2012-08). Spectral transmission of the principal-eye corneas of jumping spiders: Implications for ultraviolet vision. Journal of Experimental Biology 215 (16) : 2853-2859. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Ultraviolet (UV) vision plays an important role in interspecific and intraspecific communication in many animals. However, UV vision and its adaptive significance have been investigated in only approximately 1% of more than 5000 species of jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae), renowned for their unique, complex eyes that support exceptional spatial acuity and visually based behaviour. To appreciate the adaptive significance of UV vision, it is important to establish whether salticids can perceive UV and whether the perception of UV varies with ecological factors such as light environment. In this study, we measured the UVtransmission properties of the principal-eye corneas of 128 salticid species. We found that the corneas of all measured species were able to transmit UV light, making the perception of UV possible. Three classes of corneal spectral transmission curves were identified; the majority of species had a Class II curve with a less-steep slope and a gradual onset of the transmission cut-off; all the remaining species had a Class I curve with a very steep slope and a sharp cut-off except for one species that had a Class III curve with an intermediate step, which appeared as a shoulder on the descending part of the transmission curve. The T50 cut-off transmission values (the wavelength at which 50% of the maximum transmission is reached) in salticid corneas vary with species and light habitat. The corneas of species inhabiting open bush had a higher relative transmission at short wavelengths in the UV than forest species. This is the first investigation of corneal transmission in spiders and suggests that UV perception is widespread in salticids. © 2012. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.
Source Title: Journal of Experimental Biology
ISSN: 00220949
DOI: 10.1242/jeb.065904
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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