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Title: Salticid predation as one potential driving force of ant mimicry in jumping spiders
Authors: Huang, J.-N.
Cheng, R.-C.
Li, D. 
Tso, I.-M.
Keywords: Batesian mimicry
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: Huang, J.-N., Cheng, R.-C., Li, D., Tso, I.-M. (2011). Salticid predation as one potential driving force of ant mimicry in jumping spiders. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 278 (1710) : 1356-1364. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Many spiders possess myrmecomorphy, and species of the jumping spider genus Myrmarachne exhibit nearly perfect ant mimicry. Most salticids are diurnal predators with unusually high visual acuity that prey on various arthropods, including conspecifics. In this study, we tested whether predation pressure from large jumping spiders is one possible driving force of perfect ant mimicry in jumping spiders. The results showed that small non-ant-mimicking jumping spiders were readily treated as prey by large ones (no matter whether heterospecific or conspecific) and suffered high attack and mortality rates. The size difference between small and large jumping spiders significantly affected the outcomes of predatory interactions between them: the smaller the juvenile jumping spiders, the higher the predation risk from large ones. The attack and mortality rates of ant-mimicking jumping spiders were significantly lower than those of non-ant-mimicking jumping spiders, indicating that a resemblance to ants could provide protection against salticid predation. However, results of multivariate behavioural analyses showed that the responses of large jumping spiders to ants and ant-mimicking salticids differed significantly. Results of this study indicate that predation pressure from large jumping spiders might be one selection force driving the evolution of nearly perfect myrmecomorphy in spiders and other arthropods. © 2010 The Royal Society.
Source Title: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
ISSN: 09628452
DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2010.1896
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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