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Title: Relative sensitivity of parkin and other cysteine-containing enzymes to stress-induced solubility alterations
Authors: Wong, E.S.P.
Tan, J.M.M.
Wang, C.
Zhang, Z.
Tay, S.-P.
Zaiden, N.
Han, S.K.
Dawson, V.L.
Dawson, T.M.
Lim, K.-L. 
Issue Date: 20-Apr-2007
Citation: Wong, E.S.P., Tan, J.M.M., Wang, C., Zhang, Z., Tay, S.-P., Zaiden, N., Han, S.K., Dawson, V.L., Dawson, T.M., Lim, K.-L. (2007-04-20). Relative sensitivity of parkin and other cysteine-containing enzymes to stress-induced solubility alterations. Journal of Biological Chemistry 282 (16) : 12310-12318. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Loss of parkin function is a predominant cause of familial Parkinsonism. Emerging evidence also suggests that parkin expression variability may confer a risk for sporadic Parkinson disease. We have recently demonstrated that a wide variety of Parkinson disease-linked stressors, including dopamine (DA), induce parkin solubility alterations and promote its aggregation within the cell, a phenomenon that may underlie the progressive susceptibility of the brain to degeneration. The vulnerability of parkin to stress-induced modification is likely due to its abundance of cysteine residues. Here, we performed a comprehensive mutational analysis and demonstrate that Cys residues residing both within and outside of the RING-IBR (in between RING fingers)-RING domain of parkin are important in maintaining its solubility. The majority of these Cys residues are highly conserved in parkin across different species and potentially fulfil important structural roles. Further, we found that both parkin and HHARI (human homologue of Drosophila ariadne), another RING-IBR-RING-type ubiquitin ligase, are comparably more susceptible to solubility alterations induced by oxidative and nitrosative stress when compared with other non-RING-IBR-RING Cys-containing enzymes. However, parkin appears to be uniquely sensitive to DA-mediated stress, the specificity of which is likely due to DA modification of 2 Cys residues on parkin (Cys-268 and Cys-323) that are distinct from other RING-IBR-RING members. © 2007 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry
ISSN: 00219258
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M609466200
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