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Title: Prey preferences of Phaeacius malayensis, a spartaeine jumping spider (Araneae: Salticidae) from Singapore
Authors: Li, D. 
Issue Date: 2000
Citation: Li, D. (2000). Prey preferences of Phaeacius malayensis, a spartaeine jumping spider (Araneae: Salticidae) from Singapore. Canadian Journal of Zoology 78 (12) : 2218-2226. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Phaeacius malayensis (Salticidae: Spartaeinae) is an atypical jumping spider that routinely includes other jumping spiders in its diet. This paper presents the first detailed study of P. malayensis' prey preferences. Three basic types of tests of prey preference were used: different types of prey were provided on alternate days (alternate-day tests), two types of prey were provided simultaneously (simultaneous-presentation tests), and an alternative prey type was provided while the predator was already feeding (alternative-prey tests). In alternate-day and simultaneous-presentation testing, but not in alternative-prey testing, (i) P. malayensis preferred spiders (salticids and hunting spiders) to insects; (ii) P. malayensis preferred salticids to hunting spiders; (iii) these preferences were not exhibited in some paired choices when the background was nonmatching, indicating that visual concealment is important with respect to some, but not all, prey; (iv) P. malayensis' prey preferences were not affected by a prior 14-day period without food; (v) after 21 days of fasting, P. malayensis took different types of prey indiscriminately. The adaptive significance of preferences for particular types of prey is discussed in the context of optimal-foraging theory.
Source Title: Canadian Journal of Zoology
ISSN: 00084301
DOI: 10.1139/cjz-78-12-2218
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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