Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.08.023
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dc.titlePatterns and drivers of fuelwood collection and tree planting in a Middle Hill watershed of Nepal
dc.contributor.authorWebb, E.L.
dc.contributor.authorDhakal, A.
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-27T08:36:17Z
dc.date.available2014-10-27T08:36:17Z
dc.date.issued2011-01
dc.identifier.citationWebb, E.L., Dhakal, A. (2011-01). Patterns and drivers of fuelwood collection and tree planting in a Middle Hill watershed of Nepal. Biomass and Bioenergy 35 (1) : 121-132. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.08.023
dc.identifier.issn09619534
dc.identifier.urihttp://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/101355
dc.description.abstractThe majority of residents in the rural Middle Hills of Nepal use fuelwood from public and private sources as their primary energy source. This study investigated fuelwood availability in accessed forests, amount of fuelwood collected, preferred tree species for fuelwood, contribution of public and private sources to total fuelwood consumption, and investment in tree planting on agricultural land. Fuelwood availability declined in the decades prior to 1990, but stabilized by 1990. Fuelwood from fifty-three species was collected from forests. Median annual per capita collection was 683 kg and predicted only by family size. Occupational castes ('low castes') did not show different harvesting rates than non-occupational castes and non-caste ethnic groups. Wealth was not associated with total fuelwood collection, probably because there was no fuelwood market. Most households collected fuelwood from a private source, namely trees planted on sloping, rain-fed agricultural land (bari), but this accounted for only a small portion of most households' requirement. Bari landholding area and livestock holdings-typical measures of wealth-drove the decision to plant trees on bari land, and the number of trees that were planted. Bari-poor and landless households were consequently the most vulnerable to forest degradation, so the promotion of private fuelwood planting by large bari landholders could reduce pressure on forests and promote greater fuelwood availability for landless households. Support of community forestry emphasizing access for bari-poor and landless families could further decrease fuelwood vulnerability of poorer households. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
dc.description.urihttp://libproxy1.nus.edu.sg/login?url=http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.08.023
dc.sourceScopus
dc.subjectCaste
dc.subjectDependency
dc.subjectEthnicity
dc.subjectFirewood
dc.subjectHimalaya
dc.subjectLivelihood
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
dc.description.doi10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.08.023
dc.description.sourcetitleBiomass and Bioenergy
dc.description.volume35
dc.description.issue1
dc.description.page121-132
dc.description.codenBMSBE
dc.identifier.isiut000286905300014
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