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Title: Neuronal PAS domain protein 1 regulates tyrosine hydroxylase level in dopaminergic neurons
Authors: Teh, C.H.L.
Chin, C.L.
Lam, K.K.Y.
Jia, M.L.
Yan, T.
Tit, M.L. 
Keywords: Development
Neuronal PAS domain protein 1
Transcriptional regulation
Tyrosine hydroxylase
Ventral midbrain
Issue Date: Jun-2007
Citation: Teh, C.H.L., Chin, C.L., Lam, K.K.Y., Jia, M.L., Yan, T., Tit, M.L. (2007-06). Neuronal PAS domain protein 1 regulates tyrosine hydroxylase level in dopaminergic neurons. Journal of Neuroscience Research 85 (8) : 1762-1773. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Catecholamines (dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine) are all synthesized from a common pathway in which tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) is the rate-limiting enzyme. Dopamine is the main neurotransmitter present in dopaminergic neurons of the ventral midbrain, where dysfunction of these neurons can lead to Parkinson's disease and schizophrenia. Neuronal PAS domain protein 1 (NPAS1) was identified as one of the genes up-regulated during dopaminergic MN9D cell differentiation. We found that there was a corresponding decrease in TH level during MN9D differentiation. Overexpression and siRNA experiments revealed that NPAS1, in concert with ARNT, negatively regulates the expression of TH and that this regulation is mediated by a direct binding of NPAS1 on the TH promoter. Expression studies also confirmed a decrease in TH level in the ventral midbrain during mouse development, concomitant with an increase in NPAS1 level. These results suggest that NPAS1 plays a novel and important role in regulating TH level of dopaminergic neurons in the ventral midbrain during development. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Neuroscience Research
ISSN: 03604012
DOI: 10.1002/jnr.21312
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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