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Title: Inhibition of shoot induction by 5-azacytidine and 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine in Petunia involves DNA hypomethylation
Authors: Prakash, A.P.
Kumar, P.P. 
Keywords: 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine
Petunia hybrida
Shoot-forming cultures
Issue Date: Jul-1997
Citation: Prakash, A.P., Kumar, P.P. (1997-07). Inhibition of shoot induction by 5-azacytidine and 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine in Petunia involves DNA hypomethylation. Plant Cell Reports 16 (10) : 719-724. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Shoot bud regeneration from Petunia leaf disks was inhibited when they were cultured with the demethylating agents, 5-azacytidine (AzaC) and 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (AzadC), in shoot induction (SI) medium. Explants induced shoot primordia if they were transferred after 1 week from the medium containing the drugs to medium without drugs. The fresh weight of leaf disks cultured on SI medium for 2 weeks in the presence of the drugs was 60-80% lower when compared to control shoot-forming cultures. Internode length was reduced when shoots were transferred to phytohormone-free Murashige and Skoog medium containing the drugs. However, no other morphological abnormalities were seen in these shoots, even at 20 μM AzaC or 5 μM AzadC. Coupled restriction enzyme digestion (with HpaII and MspI) and random amplification of genomic DNA was performed to detect the level of methylation of CCGG sites in the DNA of the explants exposed to AzaC and AzadC. Over 15 amplified bands were detectable in the control. Five of these bands were absent in the amplified products when digested DNA from the drug-treated explants was used as the template, showing that hypomethylation of DNA had occurred. This suggests that inhibition of shoot bud formation in the presence of the drugs AzaC and AzadC may be due to the altered methylation status.
Source Title: Plant Cell Reports
ISSN: 07217714
DOI: 10.1007/s002990050309
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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