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Title: Free amino acids and osmoregulation in the intertidal pulmonate Onchidium tumidium
Authors: Chew, S.F.
Ho, S.Y.
Ip, Y.K. 
Issue Date: Sep-1999
Citation: Chew, S.F., Ho, S.Y., Ip, Y.K. (1999-09). Free amino acids and osmoregulation in the intertidal pulmonate Onchidium tumidium. Marine Biology 134 (4) : 735-741. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The aim of this study is to elucidate the osmoregulatory capabilities of the intertidal pulmonate Onchidium tumidium. Our results indicate that O. tumidium could tolerate hyperosmotic stress more effectively than hypoosmotic stress. In 10% seawater (SW), it was capable of maintaining its plasma hyperosmotic and hyperionic to the external medium. However, it rapidly gained weight in 10% SW, and no restoration of body weight was observed. In contrast, in 90% SW it was able to recover its body weight partially. In a hyperosmotic medium, accumulation of intracellular free amino acids (FAA) was responsible for cell volume regulation. The accumulated FAA might originate from protein catabolism, which occurred in the internal organs (IO). In contrast, the relatively smaller amination:deamination ratio of glutamate dehydrogenase in the body wall (BW) and IO of specimens exposed to hypoosmotic stress might lead to a higher rate of amino acid catabolism. This was supported by the greater ammonia contents in the BW and IO of, and higher rate of ammonia excretion by, specimens exposed to 10% SW.
Source Title: Marine Biology
ISSN: 00253162
DOI: 10.1007/s002270050590
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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