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Title: Efficient inhibition of HIV-1 replication by an artificial polycistronic miRNA construct
Authors: Zhang, T.
Cheng, T.
Wei, L.
Cai, Y.
Yeo, A.E.
Han, J.
Yuan, Y.A. 
Zhang, J.
Xia, N.
Keywords: Artificial polycistronic transcript
HIV replication inhibition
RNA interference
Viral escape
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Zhang, T., Cheng, T., Wei, L., Cai, Y., Yeo, A.E., Han, J., Yuan, Y.A., Zhang, J., Xia, N. (2012). Efficient inhibition of HIV-1 replication by an artificial polycistronic miRNA construct. Virology Journal 9 : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background: RNA interference (RNAi) has been used as a promising approach to inhibit human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication for both in vitro and in vivo animal models. However, HIV-1 escape mutants after RNAi treatment have been reported. Expressing multiple small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) against conserved viral sequences can serve as a genetic barrier for viral escape, and optimization of the efficiency of this process was the aim of this study. Results: An artificial polycistronic transcript driven by a CMV promoter was designed to inhibit HIV-1 replication. The artificial polycistronic transcript contained two pre-miR-30a backbones and one pre-miR-155 backbone, which are linked by a sequence derived from antisense RNA sequence targeting the HIV-1 env gene. Our results demonstrated that this artificial polycistronic transcript simultaneously expresses three anti-HIV siRNAs and efficiently inhibits HIV-1 replication. In addition, the biosafety of MT-4 cells expressing this polycistronic miRNA transcript was evaluated, and no apparent impacts on cell proliferation rate, interferon response, and interruption of native miRNA processing were observed. Conclusions: The strategy described here to generate an artificial polycistronic transcript to inhibit viral replication provided an opportunity to select and optimize many factors to yield highly efficient constructs expressing multiple siRNAs against viral infection. © 2012 Zhang et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Source Title: Virology Journal
ISSN: 1743422X
DOI: 10.1186/1743-422X-9-118
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