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Title: Dung beetle assemblages on tropical land-bridge islands: Small island effect and vulnerable species
Authors: Qie, L.
Lee, T.M.
Sodhi, N.S. 
Lim, S.L.-H.
Keywords: Coleoptera
Dispersal limitation
Forest fragmentation
Peninsular Malaysia
Regression tree
Species traits
Species-area relationship
Tree basal area
Issue Date: Apr-2011
Citation: Qie, L., Lee, T.M., Sodhi, N.S., Lim, S.L.-H. (2011-04). Dung beetle assemblages on tropical land-bridge islands: Small island effect and vulnerable species. Journal of Biogeography 38 (4) : 792-804. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Aim Using dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) in a tropical land-bridge island system, we test for the small island effect (SIE) in the species-area relationship and evaluate its effects on species richness and community composition. We also examine the determinants of species richness across island size and investigate the traits of dung beetle species in relation to their local extinction vulnerability following forest fragmentation. Location Lake Kenyir, a hydroelectric reservoir in north-eastern Peninsular Malaysia. Methods We sampled dung beetles using human dung baited pitfall traps on 24 land-bridge islands and three mainland sites. We used regression tree analyses to test for the SIE, as well as species traits related to local rarity, as an indication of extinction vulnerability. We employed generalized linear models (GLMs) to examine determinants for species richness at different scales and compared the results with those from conventional linear and breakpoint regressions. Community analyses included non-metric multidimensional scaling, partial Mantel tests, nestedness analysis and abundance spectra. Results Regression tree analysis revealed an area threshold at 35.8ha indicating an SIE. Tree basal area was the most important predictor of species richness on small islands (
Source Title: Journal of Biogeography
ISSN: 03050270
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2010.02439.x
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