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Title: Conserving Southeast Asian forest biodiversity in human-modified landscapes
Authors: Sodhi, N.S. 
Koh, L.P.
Clements, R.
Wanger, T.C.
Hill, J.K.
Hamer, K.C.
Clough, Y.
Tscharntke, T.
Posa, M.R.C. 
Lee, T.M.
Keywords: Agriculture
Ecosystem functioning
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Citation: Sodhi, N.S., Koh, L.P., Clements, R., Wanger, T.C., Hill, J.K., Hamer, K.C., Clough, Y., Tscharntke, T., Posa, M.R.C., Lee, T.M. (2010-10). Conserving Southeast Asian forest biodiversity in human-modified landscapes. Biological Conservation 143 (10) : 2375-2384. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Southeast Asia experiences one of the highest rates of deforestation in the tropics due to agricultural expansion, logging, habitat fragmentation and urbanization, which are expected to result in species declines and extinctions. In particular, growing global demands for food, biofuel and other commodities are driving the rapid expansion of oil palm and paper-and-pulp industries at the expense of lowland dipterocarp forests, further jeopardizing Southeast Asian forest biotas. We synthesize recent findings on the effects of land-use changes on plants, invertebrates, vertebrates and ecosystem functioning/services in Southeast Asia. We find that species richness and abundance/density of forest-dependent taxa generally declined in disturbed compared to mature forests. Species with restricted ranges and those with habitat and foraging specialization were particularly vulnerable. Forest loss also disrupted vital ecosystem services (e.g. crop pollination). Long-term studies are needed to understand biotic sustainability in regenerating and degraded forests, particularly in the context of the synergistic or additive effects of multiple agents of biodiversity loss (e.g. invasive species and climate change). The preservation of large tracts of mature forests should remain the principal conservation strategy in the tropics. In addition, reforestation and reintroductions of native species, as well as improved connectivity among forest patches could enhance the conservation value of forest remnants in human-dominated landscapes. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.
Source Title: Biological Conservation
ISSN: 00063207
DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2009.12.029
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