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Title: Concentration-dependent aggregation of CHAPS investigated by NMR spectroscopy
Authors: Qin, X.
Liu, M.
Yang, D. 
Zhang, X.
Issue Date: 25-Mar-2010
Citation: Qin, X., Liu, M., Yang, D., Zhang, X. (2010-03-25). Concentration-dependent aggregation of CHAPS investigated by NMR spectroscopy. Journal of Physical Chemistry B 114 (11) : 3863-3868. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: CHAPS (3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonate) is a zwitterionic surfactant, which has been extensively used in various biological fields. In the present work, the concentration-dependent aggregation of the surfactant in deuterium oxide solution was investigated by NMR spectroscopy. We have found that two break points exist on the basis of the NMR parameters such as chemical shift difference (Δδ), self-diffusion coefficient (D), and relaxation rates (R1 R2). The first break point corresponds to the widely accepted normal critical micelle concentration (cmc). The second one is unexpected and ascribed to the second cmc, indicating that there is another type of micelle at higher concentrations. Further analysis using ID selective NOESY with spin-diffusion quenching reveals that at the concentration above the second cmc CHAPS may form a two-layer spherical structure of micelles, with the aliphatic groups of CHAPS molecules in the inner layer interact with the steroid groups in the outer layer. The existence of two types of micelles has also been supported by our TEM experiment. The dependence of CHAPS micelle size on concentration explains why some proteins are soluble and stable only at concentrations above the second cmc. Therefore, our finding provides a basis for optimizing CHAPS concentration in functional and structural studies of membrane proteins. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Journal of Physical Chemistry B
ISSN: 15206106
DOI: 10.1021/jp911720w
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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