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Title: Cloning and Tissue Expression of 6-Pyruvoyl Tetrahydropterin Synthase and Xanthine Dehydrogenase from Poecilia reticulata
Authors: Ben, J.
Lim, T.M. 
Phang, V.P.E. 
Chan, W.-K. 
Keywords: 6-pyruvoyl tetrahydropterin synthase
Xanthine dehydrogenase
Issue Date: Nov-2003
Citation: Ben, J., Lim, T.M., Phang, V.P.E., Chan, W.-K. (2003-11). Cloning and Tissue Expression of 6-Pyruvoyl Tetrahydropterin Synthase and Xanthine Dehydrogenase from Poecilia reticulata. Marine Biotechnology 5 (6) : 568-578. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Guppy is a popular ornamental fish owing to its diverse body and fin coloration. More than 40 established color varieties have been selectively bred. The complementary DNAs for 2 enzymes that are involved in the de novo synthesis of pteridines and purines, which are important for the production of color pigments, were cloned from the caudal fin. Two cDNA isoforms for 6-pyruvoyl tetrahydropterin synthase (PTPS), with an open reading frame of 130 and 147 amino acids, respectively, were cloned from the Red Tail variety. The deduced amino acid sequence of the longer isoform shows an overall identity of about 65% to the mammalian PTPS sequences. The cDNA for xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) was cloned from the Yellow Tail variety, and consists of an open reading frame of 1331 amino acids. Although it shows a higher overall identity to bovine aldehyde oxidase (AO; 54%) than to chicken XDH (51%), it has a NAD-binding domain that is specific to XDHs. Northern blot analysis indicated that both PTPS and XDH messenger RNAs were highly expressed in the liver, but absent in the muscle. In the caudal fins, guppy varieties with a higher proportion of xanthophores and erythrophores showed higher expression of PTPS, while XDH mRNA levels were too low to indicate obvious differential expression among the color guppy varieties. The results implied that high expression of PTPS is correlated with the biosynthesis of pteridines in the erythrophores and xanthophores, while the association between the putative guppy XDH with specific chromatophores is less clear.
Source Title: Marine Biotechnology
ISSN: 14362228
DOI: 10.1007/s10126-002-0121-y
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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