Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1109/76.709413
Title: Efficient cost measures for motion estimation at low bit rates
Authors: Hoang, D.T.
Long, P.M. 
Vitter, J.S.
Keywords: H.261
Motion compensation
Motion estimation
Rate-distortion
Video coding
Video compression
Issue Date: 1998
Source: Hoang, D.T., Long, P.M., Vitter, J.S. (1998). Efficient cost measures for motion estimation at low bit rates. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 8 (4) : 488-500. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1109/76.709413
Abstract: We present and compare methods for choosing motion vectors for block-based motion-compensated video coding. The primary focus is on videophone and videoconferencing applications, where low bit rates are necessary, where motion is usually limited, and where the amount of computation is also limited. In a typical block-based motion-compensated video coding system, motion vectors are transmitted along with a lossy encoding of the residuals. As the bit rate decreases, the proportion required to transmit the motion vectors increases. We provide experimental evidence that choosing motion vectors explicitly to minimize rate (including motion vector coding), subject to implicit constraints on distortion, yields better rate-distortion tradeoffs than minimizing some measure of prediction error. Minimizing a combination of rate and distortion yields further improvements. Although these explicit-minimization schemes are computationally intensive, they provide invaluable insight which we use to develop practical algorithms. We show that minimizing a simple heuristic function of the prediction error and the motion vector code length results in rate-distortion performance comparable to explicit-minimization schemes while being computationally feasible. Experimental results are provided for coders that operate within the H.261 standard. © 1998 IEEE.
Source Title: IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/99258
ISSN: 10518215
DOI: 10.1109/76.709413
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