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Title: The Singapore high resolution single cell imaging facility
Authors: Watt, F. 
Chen, X.
Vera, A.B.D. 
Udalagama, C.N.B. 
Ren, M. 
Kan, J.A.V. 
Bettiol, A.A. 
Keywords: Nano-imaging
Proton induced fluorescence microscopy
Scanning transmission ion microscopy
Single cell imaging
Issue Date: 15-Oct-2011
Citation: Watt, F., Chen, X., Vera, A.B.D., Udalagama, C.N.B., Ren, M., Kan, J.A.V., Bettiol, A.A. (2011-10-15). The Singapore high resolution single cell imaging facility. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 269 (20) : 2168-2174. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The Centre for Ion Beam Applications, National University of Singapore has recently expanded from three state-of-the-art beam lines to five. Two new beam lines have been constructed: A second generation proton beam writing line, and a high resolution single cell imaging facility. Both systems feature high demagnification lens systems based on compact Oxford Microbeams OM52 lenses, coupled with reduced lens/image distances. The single cell imaging facility is designed around OM52 compact lenses capable of operating in a variety of high demagnification configurations including the spaced Oxford triplet and the double crossover Russian quadruplet. The new facility has design specifications aimed at spatial resolutions below 50 nm, with a variety of techniques including STIM, secondary electron and fluorescence imaging, and an in-built optical and fluorescence microscope for sample imaging, identification and positioning. Preliminary tests using the single space Oxford triplet configuration have indicated a beam spot size of 31 × 39 nm in the horizontal and vertical directions respectively, at beam currents of ∼10,000 protons per second. However, a weakness in the specifications of the electrostatic scanning system has been identified, and a more stable scanning system needs to be implemented before we can fully realize the optimum performance. A single whole fibroblast cell has been scanned using 1.5 MeV protons, and a median fit to the proton transmission energy loss data has shown that proton STIM gives excellent details of the cell structure despite the relatively poor contrast of proton STIM compared with alpha STIM.
Source Title: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
ISSN: 0168583X
DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2011.02.028
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