Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules19032969
Title: Understanding the adsorption of CuPc and ZnPc on noble metal surfaces by combining quantum-mechanical modelling and photoelectron spectroscopy
Authors: Huang, Y.L.
Wruss, E.
Egger, D.A.
Kera, S.
Ueno, N.
Saidi, W.A.
Bucko, T.
Wee, A.T.S. 
Zojer, E.
Keywords: Band-Structure
Hybrid Functional
Metal/Organic Interface
Phthalocyanine
Quantum-Mechanical Simulation
Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Van Der Waals Interaction
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Huang, Y.L., Wruss, E., Egger, D.A., Kera, S., Ueno, N., Saidi, W.A., Bucko, T., Wee, A.T.S., Zojer, E. (2014). Understanding the adsorption of CuPc and ZnPc on noble metal surfaces by combining quantum-mechanical modelling and photoelectron spectroscopy. Molecules 19 (3) : 2969-2992. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules19032969
Abstract: Phthalocyanines are an important class of organic semiconductors and, thus, their interfaces with metals are both of fundamental and practical relevance. In the present contribution we provide a combined theoretical and experimental study, in which we show that state-of-the-art quantum-mechanical simulations are nowadays capable of treating most properties of such interfaces in a quantitatively reliable manner. This is shown for Cu-phthalocyanine (CuPc) and Zn-phthalocyanine (ZnPc) on Au(111) and Ag(111) surfaces. Using a recently developed approach for efficiently treating van der Waals (vdW) interactions at metal/organic interfaces, we calculate adsorption geometries in excellent agreement with experiments. With these geometries available, we are then able to accurately describe the interfacial electronic structure arising from molecular adsorption. We find that bonding is dominated by vdW forces for all studied interfaces. Concomitantly, charge rearrangements on Au(111) are exclusively due to Pauli pushback. On Ag(111), we additionally observe charge transfer from the metal to one of the spin-channels associated with the lowest unoccupied p-states of the molecules. Comparing the interfacial density of states with our ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) experiments, we find that the use of a hybrid functionals is necessary to obtain the correct order of the electronic states.© 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Source Title: Molecules
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/98514
ISSN: 14203049
DOI: 10.3390/molecules19032969
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