Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.82.021116
Title: Tunable heat pump by modulating the coupling to the leads
Authors: Cuansing, E.C. 
Wang, J.-S. 
Issue Date: 16-Aug-2010
Citation: Cuansing, E.C., Wang, J.-S. (2010-08-16). Tunable heat pump by modulating the coupling to the leads. Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 82 (2) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.82.021116
Abstract: We follow the nonequilibrium Green's function formalism to study time-dependent thermal transport in a linear chain system consisting of two semi-infinite leads connected together by a coupling that is harmonically modulated in time. The modulation is driven by an external agent that can absorb and emit energy. We determine the energy current flowing out of the leads exactly by solving numerically the Dyson equation for the contour-ordered Green's function. The amplitude of the modulated coupling is of the same order as the interparticle coupling within each lead. When the leads have the same temperature, our numerical results show that modulating the coupling between the leads may direct energy to either flow into the leads simultaneously or flow out of the leads simultaneously, depending on the values of the driving frequency and temperature. A special combination of values of the driving frequency and temperature exists wherein no net energy flows into or out of the leads, even for long times. When one of the leads is warmer than the other, net energy flows out of the warmer lead. For the cooler lead, however, the direction of the energy current flow depends on the values of the driving frequency and temperature. In addition, we find transient effects to become more pronounced for higher values of the driving frequency. © 2010 The American Physical Society.
Source Title: Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/98459
ISSN: 15393755
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.82.021116
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