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|Title:||Therapeutic potential of peptides with neutralizing ability towards the venom and toxin (CaTx-I) of Crotalus adamanteus|
|Authors:||Samy, R.P. |
Phospholipase A 2
|Citation:||Samy, R.P.,Thwin, M.M.,Stiles, B.G.,Bow, H.,Chow, V.T.K.,Gopalakrishnakone, P. (2011-10). Therapeutic potential of peptides with neutralizing ability towards the venom and toxin (CaTx-I) of Crotalus adamanteus. Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry 11 (20) : 2540-2555. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||The CaTx-I (PLA 2) toxin of Crotalus adamanteus venom is responsible for most of the symptoms observed during envenomation. Synthetic peptides were designed and screened for venom (0.8 μg/ml) and CaTx-I (0.1 μM) inhibition at varying doses of the peptide (10000- 0.0001 μM) using a Cayman chemical human secretory phospholipase A 2 (sPLA 2, Type II) assay kit. Further, in vitro neutralization studies were evaluated by a fixed dose of peptide (1 μM) against venom (0.8 μg/ml) and toxin (0.1 μM). Among the linear peptides (PIP-18, cyclic C and PIP59-67) that showed potent neutralizing effects against the venom/toxin of C. adamanteus. PIP-18 [IC 50, 1.23 μM] and cyclic C [IC 50, 1.27 μM] peptides possessed the strongest inhibitory effect against CaTx-I. A fixed dose of CaTx-I (75 μg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) into mice followed by an i.p. injection of peptides PIP-18 and cyclic C at (6 μg/mouse), venom (150 μg/kg) and toxin CaTx-I alone served as references. Mice treated with PIP-18 and cyclic C showed a very strong neutralizing effect and markedly reduced mortality compared to the control after 24 h. The CA venom and CaTx-I injected mice showed severe toxicity after 24 h. Peptides PIP-18 and cyclic C were non-hemolytic at 100 μM. They produced a significant decrease in lipid peroxidase (LPx) and enhancement of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and Glutathione-s-transferase (GST) levels indicating their antioxidant property against venom-induced changes in mice. This study confirmed the potent snake venom neutralizing properties of peptides. © 2011 Bentham Science Publishers.|
|Source Title:||Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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