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|Title:||Ion beam studies on reactive DC sputtered manganese doped indium tin oxide thin films|
|Authors:||Sarath Kumar, S.R.|
|Source:||Sarath Kumar, S.R., Malar, P., Osipowicz, T., Banerjee, S.S., Kasiviswanathan, S. (2008-04). Ion beam studies on reactive DC sputtered manganese doped indium tin oxide thin films. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 266 (8) : 1421-1424. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2007.12.075|
|Abstract:||Indium based transparent conducting oxides doped with magnetic elements have been studied intensively in recent years with a view to develop novel ferromagnetic semiconductors for spin-based electronics. In the present work, we have grown manganese doped indium tin oxide (Mn:ITO) thin films, onto Si and Si/SiO2 substrates by DC reactive sputtering of a composite target containing indium-tin alloy and manganese, in a gas mixture of oxygen and argon. Glancing angle X-ray diffraction (GXRD) studies reveal the polycrystalline nature of the films. Magnetic measurements carried out using vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) suggest that the films are ferromagnetic at room temperature, with a saturation magnetization of ∼22.8 emu/cm3. The atomic percentages of In, Sn, Mn and O, as estimated using Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS) are 37.0, 4.0, 1.6 and 57.4, respectively. RBS measurements reveal that the interface of the films with Si substrate has a ∼30 nm thick intermediate layer. This layer consists of oxygen, silicon, indium, tin and manganese, in the ratio 1:0.56:0.21:0.07:0.03, indicative of diffusion of elements across the interface. The films on Si/SiO2, on the other hand, have a sharp interface. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Source Title:||Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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