Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-583X(98)01048-9
Title: Elemental depth profiles in marine sediments of Singapore coastal waters
Authors: Orlić, I. 
Tang, S.M. 
Issue Date: 2-Apr-1999
Source: Orlić, I., Tang, S.M. (1999-04-02). Elemental depth profiles in marine sediments of Singapore coastal waters. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 150 (1-4) : 291-297. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-583X(98)01048-9
Abstract: Thirty-eight core sediment samples were recently collected from different locations of the Singapore coastal region. The aim of the project was to trace the history of marine pollution in various coastal regions and to determine the impact of industrial activities. Two nuclear analytical techniques were employed in this study: particle induced X-ray emission (PIXE), Rutherford backscattering (RBS) as well as X-ray fluorescence (XRF). Combined together these techniques provide an excellent tool to determine elemental concentrations of more than 30 elements with detection limits as low as few ppm. Our results show that elemental concentrations in most of the regions do not show a significant variation with depth. However, in regions where industrial and shipping activities are high, for example the Port of Singapore area and the northern part of Johore Straits, the concentrations of metals like Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, Sn and Pb were found to have an obvious decreasing trend with the depth. In these cores, concentrations in the top 10-15 cm were sometimes ten times higher than the corresponding base line concentrations. Elemental depth profiles of Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Sn and Pb and their mean concentrations in various regions are reported and discussed.
Source Title: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/96440
ISSN: 0168583X
DOI: 10.1016/S0168-583X(98)01048-9
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