Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-5107(01)00746-2
Title: Effect of the silicon nitride passivation layer on the Cu/Ta/SiO2/Si multi-layer structure
Authors: Latt, K.M.
Park, H.S.
Seng, H.L. 
Osipowicz, T. 
Lee, Y.K.
Li, S.
Keywords: Diffusion barrier
Interfacial reaction
Ionized metal plasma
Metallization
Phase transformation
Tantalum
Issue Date: 7-Mar-2002
Source: Latt, K.M., Park, H.S., Seng, H.L., Osipowicz, T., Lee, Y.K., Li, S. (2002-03-07). Effect of the silicon nitride passivation layer on the Cu/Ta/SiO2/Si multi-layer structure. Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology 90 (1-2) : 25-33. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-5107(01)00746-2
Abstract: Microstructure, composition and thermal stability of the SiNx/Cu/Ta/SiO2/Si (hereinafter 'passivated') multi-layer sample were investigated after annealing at different temperatures and compared with those of the Cu/Ta/SiO2/Si (hereinafter 'unpassivated') multi-layer sample. Observed in this study were formation of new phases, movement of element atoms across the interface, failure of a tantalum (Ta) barrier layer, agglomeration of Cu grains and change in surface morphologies of nitride and Cu layers by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The Cu layer of the passivated sample did not show a severe agglomeration phenomenon at high annealing temperature due to protection of the Cu surface from oxygen in the annealing ambient. In addition, there were no such phases as Cu2O and Ta2O5 that were detected in the unpassivated sample. Although the thermal stability of the Ta layer was improved by addition of the passivation layer, Ta atoms diffused out to the passivation layer during annealing process at 750 °C, resulting in formation of Ta2N at the SiNx/Cu interface. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/96343
ISSN: 09215107
DOI: 10.1016/S0921-5107(01)00746-2
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