Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-583X(99)00377-8
Title: Changes in calcium and iron levels in the brains of rats during kainate induced epilepsy
Authors: Ren, M.-Q. 
Ong, W.-Y.
Makjanic, J. 
Watt, F. 
Issue Date: 2-Sep-1999
Citation: Ren, M.-Q., Ong, W.-Y., Makjanic, J., Watt, F. (1999-09-02). Changes in calcium and iron levels in the brains of rats during kainate induced epilepsy. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 158 (1) : 418-423. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-583X(99)00377-8
Abstract: Epilepsy is a recurrent disorder of cerebral function characterized by sudden brief attacks of altered consciousness, motor activity or sensory phenomena, and affects approximately 1% of the population. Kainic acid injection induces neuronal degeneration in rats, is associated with glial hypertrophy and proliferation in the CA3-CA4 fields of hippocampal complex, and is a model for temporal lobe epilepsy. In this study we have applied Nuclear Microscopy to the investigation of the elemental changes within the hippocampus and the cortex areas of the rat brain following kainate injection. Analyses of unstained freeze dried tissue sections taken at 1 day and 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks following injection were carried out using the Nuclear Microscopy facility at the Research Centre for Nuclear Microscopy, National University of Singapore. Quantitative analysis and elemental mapping indicates that there are significant changes in the calcium levels and distributions in the hippocampus as early as 1 day following injection. Preliminary results indicate a rapid increase in cellular calcium. High levels of calcium can activate calcium dependent proteins and phospholipases. Activation of phospholipase A2 can be harmful to surrounding neurons through free radical damage. In addition to observed increases in calcium, there was evidence of increases in iron levels. This is consistent with measurements in other degenerative brain disorders, and may signal a late surge in free radical production.
Source Title: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/95942
ISSN: 0168583X
DOI: 10.1016/S0168-583X(99)00377-8
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